Conclusion in Research Paper Writing

A lot has to be considered while writing a conclusion in your research papers. Our team of experts at Research Paper Writing Hub, have come together to compose this article, giving you knowledge in writing a conclusion for better research papers and excellent grades. Also, for any assistance in your research projects, reach out to Research Paper Writing Hub for Quality and timely academic work and professional services.

Conclusion is a synthesis of the research in a brief summary to give the reader final remarks and take home from the research. Most important, a good conclusion ensures flow of ideas from introduction to discussion. Since the reader has probably gone through your research before getting to conclusion, it is effective for the researcher to paraphrase their statements in conclusion. This gives readers a better understanding and helps retain their attention throughout the research. 

Notably, an excellent conclusion greatly depends on the contents and structure of Introduction, Results and Discussion. Students may want to check out our previous articles on how to write these sections to arrive at conclusion and have an easy time writing a conclusion.




Important Contents of Conclusion in a research paper

A comprehensive final opinion from the study

Since a research paper aims at solving a problem either in knowledge or in practice, the researcher should give a statement of opinion. Thus, the opinion is based on the findings, analyses and discussion. The main aim of this is to give readers an impression about your research. Also, readers gain more confidence in your research by presenting a summary of the paper.

Researchers’ Ideas

In previous sections of a research paper, the researcher does not have an opportunity to give their opinion. However, while writing a conclusion the researcher may highlight their personal opinion on impact of the findings and the significance. Even with the opportunity to give opinion, the researcher should give relevant suggestions that are in line with the findings.

Approach for future researcher

For an interesting and impactful research topic, there are often numerous way to research on it or related topics. Therefore, it is important to give possible approaches for future research from experience of your own research and in some instances mention previous research that might have influenced your choice.

How to formulate Captivating Conclusion

Stylistic features for your conclusion

With better knowledge on meaning and components of conclusion, below are some features which will make your conclusion outstanding.

Rhetoric feature

Logical Reasoning

Types of Research Paper Conclusions

The choice of conclusion type to use depends on the topic of study as well as results and discussion from previous sections. Moreover, the nature of some research, depending on the discipline of study are best concluded in a specific type. However, a conclusion could be reflective and projective at the same time. Below is an explanation on types of conclusion.

Embedded Conclusions

This are conclusions in which the researcher gives their personal story which relates to the study in a sequence. Thus, this types of conclusion neither necessarily summarize the essay nor state the thesis. Often, this conclusions are common in narrative writing and cannot apply for scientific research as they do not connect the introduction to the discussion which key for scientific research.

Retrospective Conclusions

Retrospective conclusions are common in research of historic nature. Here, the researcher gives a reflection of past events. Results of past events are considered in giving this type of conclusions.

Reflective Conclusions

Reflective conclusions are effective in leaving the reader convinced about the research. Moreover, the researcher covers the scope of the research in such conclusions. Therefore, it is persuasive in nature as its main aim is to draw the reader to agree with the researchers’ point of view. Also, it connects the topic of study with the introduction, results and discussion. Thus, arguments in the discussion are looked into in reflective conclusions which gives more emphasis on the essence of the whole research. It is common in most research and would be preferred by students as it applies in a variety of disciplines.

Projective Conclusions

Projective conclusions look more into the future. Further, they give suggestion for future actions or research. In addition, both positive and negative effects are given in this conclusions. Also, a researcher may pose a question that leaves the reader thinking more about the future.

How to avoid common mistakes in writing a conclusion

Our aim as Research Paper Writing Hub is to see you through your journey to academic excellence. We give you knowledge in the academic field and offer assistance when you need help by just placing your order. Below are mistakes made previously in writing a conclusion and solutions

Having very detailed explanations.

Notably, before conclusion, there is a discussion section. Make sure to give all explanation in details in the discussion. In conclusion, only include the main points and in summarized form. Therefore, minor and less impactful points should only be in discussion.

Failure to give comment on specific matters of importance.

Contrary to the order of introduction, writing a conclusion begins with specific facts and ends with the general one. Hence, a researcher should note the specific issues facts with a short statement when necessary on the impact and extend on to the general issue.

Omission of negative aspects.

In research, it is common for the researcher to come up with both positive and negative effects and results. Therefore, it is important to include and comment on all findings as the portray authenticity.

Inability to relate the objectives to the results.

Research is driven by objectives. Thus, the researcher has to show in the conclusion, how the findings satisfied the objectives hence the research losses purpose.

Inadequately unifying your work.

Often, students cover discussion in conclusion and omit introduction and results. Contrary to this, conclusion should cover all sections of the research paper and synthesis them towards achieving a common goal since they interlink.    

Other mistakes in writing a conclusion include 

Lack of conclusion.

 Is it possible to have a conclusion without necessary being a conclusion? The answer is yes. Since the essence of writing a conclusion is to give the researchers’ final view, then a good conclusion should indicate a clear stand. This is important in the event of equally contradicting results. Notably, in papers on social issues, the researcher may pose a question for readers to decide the stand to take. However, in most papers like science for instance, the researcher has to make clear their stand in the conclusion. Be sure to indicate what you stand for clearly to give a meaningful conclusion.

Lack of a clear summary.

This is often as a result of too much information in conclusion, the researcher may miss out on the intended summary. Also, it is important to have flow of ideas in the conclusion in whichever plan maybe from introduction to discussion in order to attain the actual summary.

Absence of recommendations.

It is important to give suggestions to future researchers on better or different approaches to the topic. This demonstrates the researchers’ sense of obligation to better research work in future.

Undermining the research.

 For instance, a student may feel they research did not cover expectations due to challenges encountered, avoid emphasizing on this or even giving statements like “am sorry, my research did not…” Instead, note the shortcomings but emphasize more on the truthfulness of your research and impacts of findings however, do not exaggerate.         

Frequently asked questions on Conclusion writing

Can I include a question in my conclusion?

Yes. You may ask the readers of your research a question however, this is appropriate in topics about social issues. Thus, having a question in a scientific paper may be counterproductive and result to readers lacking confidence in your work.

How do I make a good closing sentence for my conclusion?

A good closing sentences covers the main idea of the research. It is the take away for readers and therefore, the researcher should make it as informative and brief as possible.

Final thought

Hopefully, dear reader you gained from this article. Research writing is mandatory in higher learning and our aim is to make it as interesting as possible. We are ready to help you through any project you may have simply by reaching out to us at Research Paper Writing Hub anytime.


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